Terroir & Climate
Burgundy is a unique wine region where the wine classification is based on the quality of the terroir. This means Grand Cru wines are the greatest because of an excellent reason, they are grown on the best spot possible. The classification system continues this logic awarding the second best spot to Premier Cru wines and so on.
Burgundy is fortunate to have a lot of variation within its soil and subsoil, making its wines different sometimes even from vineyard to vineyard. It has over 400 different types of soil. The soil is calcareous and contains clay and limestone. Burgundy sits on a bed of Kimmeridgian soil (limestone formed from fossilized oyster shells from billions of years ago), which gives Burgundy wines that special something which makes them outstanding.
Pinot Noir prefers to grow on limestone and Chardonnay prefers to grow on a mix of clay and limestone. The variation in Burgundy is so vast, it was once a marine floor that emerged millions of years ago. Marine floors change every 50 meters. Allowing Burgundy to produce different wines from one parcel to the next. It is a wonder that the wines are based on two grape varieties, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, giving us the opportunity to enjoy and discover these differences so clearly.
Burgundy has a continental climate, meaning cold winters followed by warm summers. Due to the difference in orientation of the vineyards, hills, slopes and prevailing winds there is also a very high number of “microclimates”. Microclimates are also key to terroir expression.