Terroir is a French word that encompasses several factors that give the wine certain sensory characteristics.

These factors include:

  • - The soil and subsoil composition, the drainage, mineral content and fertility
  • - The location of the vineyard (slope, orientation, by a river)
  • - The climate (sun hours, wind, temperature, rain, humidity)
  • - Grape variety and rootstock
  • - Vineyard practices (plant density, pruning system, irrigation, yield, canopy management)
  • - Human influence (wine making techniques, barrel and bottle aging)